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Course – 4th Edition

Introduction to Functional Morphology and Biomechanics

January 11th-15th, 2016, Crete (Greece)

Functional Morphology

REGISTRATION IS CLOSED

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Course Introduction to Functional Morphology and BiomechanicsCourse Overview

This workshop aims to give the participants the ability to use the interdisciplinary approach of biomechanics, especially (but not only) through examples in palaeontology. Simple models based on the basic principles of classical physics will be used to infer the life history of extinct vertebrates.

Requirements

Graduate or postgraduate degree in any Sciences discipline, basic knowledge of statistics and personal computers. All participants must bring their own personal laptop (Windows, Macintosh, Linux).

Contact

courses.greece@transmittingscience.com

LOCATION

DATE

July 6th-10th, 2020

LANGUAGE

English

COURSE LENGTH & ECTS

40 hours on-site.

This course is equivalent to 2 ECTS (European Credit Transfer System) at the Life Science Zurich Graduate School.

The recognition of ECTS by other institutions depends on each university or school.

PLACES

Places are limited to 20 participants and will be occupied by strict registration order.

Participants who have completed the course will receive a certificate at the end of it.

Richard Fariña instructor for Transmitting Science

Dr. Richard Fariña
Universidad de la República
Uruguay

Jordi Marce-Nogue instructor for Transmitting Science

Dr. Jordi Marcé-Nogué
Universität Hamburg
Germany

Haris Saslis coordinator for Transmitting Science

Dr. Haris Saslis
Transmitting Science
Greece

Program

Monday, January 11th, 2016. Dr. Jordi Marcé-Nogué.

1. Statics: Vector notation, force, moment, work, energy, Newton laws, levers, free body diagram and equilibrium. Exercises.

2. Beam Theory: Equilibrium in the cross-section of a beam, laws and diagrams. Exercises.


Tuesday, January 12th, 2016. Dr. Jordi Marcé-Nogué.

3. Elasticity in Beams: Axial forces, Bending, Shear and Torsion.


Wednesday, January 13th, 2016. Dr. Richard Fariña.

4. Basic principles.

  • Mass (concept and units), force (units, special case: Weight), pressure (concept, units), energy (units, forms of energy: Potential, kinetic, elastic), power (units, example: Metabolic rate).
  • Conditions of equilibrium: Forces and moments. Mechanical advantage. Biological examples.
  • Practical session: Measurements in ulnas to assess the extention of the forearm in mammals.
  • Biological materials, function and properties: Stress, strain, elastic modulus. Factor of safety, examples in biology.

5. Mastication in vertebrates.

  • Transition from reptiles to mammals, the problem of the resultant in the craniomandibular joint region.
  • Terrestrial locomotion and athleticism in tetrapods.
  • Beam theory applied to the long bones of the extremities in parasagittal terrestrial vertebrates.
  • Second moment of area, section modulus, strength indicator.
  • Examples in reconstructing habits in extinct vertebrates.


Thursday, January 14th, 2016. Dr. Richard Fariña and Dr. Soledad De Esteban-Trivigno.

6. Scale and allometry.

  • Dynamic similarity.
  • Froude number, origin of the concept and application to terrestrial locomotion.
  • Geometric similarity, isometry and allometry.
  • The importance of body size. Metabolic rate, athleticism and skin features.
  • Scale and allometry. Geometric and elastic similarities.
  • Body mass estimation: 3D reconstruction, regression, principal components analysis, centroid size (Geometric Morphometrics). Percent of prediction error. Mean and medium values.
  • Practical session: Comparison of body mass estimations with different methods.

Friday, January 15th, 2016. Dr. Pere Ibáñez-Gimeno.

7. Entheseal changes.

  • Definition, types, morphological variation and etiology. Entheseal changes and their dependence on activity. Terminology.
  • Entheseal development: Description vs. quantification. Scoring systems: Criteria to grade the entheseal changes using different methods. Intraobserver and interobserver tests.
  • Practical session: Grading entheseal changes in human bones and comparison with other animals. Statistical treatment of the data.
  • Statistical analyses to deduce activity patterns: Aggregation and functional groups. Comparisons between populations, sexual dimorphism and bilateral asymmetry. Multifactorial analyses.
  • Examples of studies inferring activity patterns from entheseal changes. Further applications: Activity-dependence of morphological characteristics. New approaches: 3D laser scanning and fractal analysis.

8. Cross-sectional properties.

  • Previous considerations: Wolff’s Law and bone functional adaptation. Types of mechanical loadings. Rigidity and strength. Definition and biomechanical meaning of cross-sectional properties: Cross-sectional areas, second moments of area, section moduli and shape variables.
  • Obtaining images of diaphyseal sections: Sections of interest and orientation of bones. Methods to obtain the images: Broken or cut sections, CT scanning, latex cast method and ellipse model method. Relevance of the outer and the inner contours. Scale.
  • Practical session: Obtaining the outer contour from 3D images. Reconstruction of the inner contour from biplanar radiographs. Calculation of cross-sectional properties. Statistical treatment of the data.
  • Size standardization for cross-sectional properties.
  • Statistical analyses to deduce activity patterns. Comparisons between populations, sexual dimorphism and bilateral asymmetry.
  • Relationship between entheseal changes and cross-sectional properties.

Fees

  • Course Fee
  • Early bird (until April 30th, 2020):
  • 620 € *

    (496 € for Ambassador Institutions)

  • Regular (after April 30th, 2020):
  • 775 € *

    (620 € for Ambassador Institutions)

  • This includes course material, coffee breaks and lunches (VAT included).
    * Participants from companies/industry will have an extra charge of 100 €.
  • Course Fee + Accommodation Package
  • Early bird (until April 30th, 2020):
  • 970 € *

    (846 € for Ambassador Institutions)

  • Regular (after April 30th, 2020):
  • 1125 € *

    (900 € for Ambassador Institutions)

  • This includes course material, coffee breaks, transportation from and to Heraklion, accommodation from Sunday to Friday, breakfasts, lunches and dinners (VAT included).
    * Participants from companies/industry will have an extra charge of 100 €.

You can check the list of Ambassador Institutions. If you want your institution to become a Transmitting Science Ambassador please contact us at communication@transmittingscience.com

Schedule

Course Schedule

Participants will make their own way

  • Monday to Friday:
    • 9:30 to 13:30 Lessons.
    • 13:30 to 15:00 Lunch (included).
    • 15:00 to 18:00 Lessons.

The class schedule is approximate; it is possible that the content of one day may run into the next and a working day may be longer than advertised.

Course + Accommodation Package Schedule
  • Sunday:
    • 18:30 Meeting at Heraklion Archaeological Museum to take the bus to Gerakári. If you are planning to arrive later, you can find more information on how to get there.
    • 20:00 Registration in the Hostel.
    • 20:30 Dinner.
  • Monday to Thursday:
    • 08:00 to 09:00 Breakfast
    • 9:30 to 13:30 Lessons
    • 13:30 to 15:00 Lunch (included)
    • 15:00 to 18:00 Lessons
    • 20:00 Dinner
  • Friday:
    • 8:00 to 9:00 Breakfast.
    • 9:30 to 13:30 Lessons
    • 13:30 to 14:30 Lunch (included)
    • 15:00 to 18:00 Lessons
    • 18:00 Meeting at Alexander Hotel to take the bus to Heraklion.
    • 20:15 Arrival at Heraklion Archaeological Museum.

The class schedule is approximate; it is possible that the content of one day may run into the next and a working day may be longer than advertised.

Accommodation

If you choose the Accommodation Package you will be hosted at Alexander Hotel  in Gerakári village, in shared en-suite rooms, although you will only share rooms with other course participants (male or female only).

If you prefer to stay in a single en-suite room, you can do so with a supplementary charge.

The Accommodation Package includes transportation from the centre of Heraklion to the venue and back, at the start and end of the course, respectively. The trip takes around 1 hour 50 minutes each way. If you require transportation from or to Chania (the other city of Crete with an airport), please contact the course coordinator who can arrange it at an additional cost.

If you do not wish to take the Accommodation Package, you can find a few other options in the surrounding area. However, please be aware that access to and travelling around the area requires a private vehicle as public transport is scarce. Therefore, course participants will find choosing the Accommodation Package more convenient.

Funding

Discounts are not cumulative and apply only on the Course Fee. We offer the possibility of paying in two instalments (contact courses@transmittingscience.com).

Former participants will have a 5 % discount on the Course Fee.

20 % discount on the Course Fee is offered for members of some organizations (Ambassador Institutions). If you want to apply to this discount please indicate it in the Registration form (proof will be asked later).

Unemployed scientists living in the country were the course will be held, as well as PhD students based in that country without any grant or scholarship to develop their PhD, could benefit from a 40 % discount on the Course Fee. If you want to ask for this discount, please contact the course coordinator. That would apply for a maximum of 2 places and they will be covered by strict inscription order.